No-Par Value Stock

Updated on April 4, 2024
Article byKosha Mehta
Edited byKosha Mehta
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What Is No-Par Value Stock?

No par value stock is a share offered without a par value, the price at which a stock can be issued or redeemed. It makes it possible for the price to be established according to the value that investors are prepared to pay.

No-Par Value Stock

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The price of no-par stocks is determined solely by the market and not by a guaranteed value (the par value) established at the time of issue. The buyers establish the value of such equities by the amount they are ready to pay. Other factors like cash flow, rivalry level, and technological advancement rate also affect the price of such shares.

Key Takeaways

  • No-par value stock is issued with no face value, in contrast to low-par value stock, which is issued with a price as low as $0.01 per share.
  • No-par stock doesn’t hold true to bonds because the par value is effectively the face value.
  • As no par value has no face value, its market value is established by the amount buyers are ready to pay.
  • No par value stock is advantageous to firms as it results in the issuing firm’s less accountability to the shareholders.

No-Par Value Stock Explained

No Par Value stock meaning suggests stocks offered without a par value stated on the share certificate or in the prospectus of the issuing firm. Typically, the company’s articles of incorporation or the stock certificate state the intention to issue stock with no par value. As a result, the shares will either have no par value or a low par value. In this case, the stock may be issued with no defined value. However, what investors are prepared to pay will decide its worth on the open market.

Companies that issue stock with no intended par value expose the market to the possibility of natural fluctuations. The price at which a no-par stock can be sold can be established by applying the fundamental economic concepts of supply and demand; this price can shift as required to adapt to changing market conditions without being inaccurately reflected by the stock’s face value.

In both the United Kingdom and some states within the United States, it is against the law to issue stocks with no par value. Belgium, Canada, and some states in the United States have a high incidence of it. The U.S. prohibits stocks with no par value, so companies issue a par value of $0.01 per share or more. These are referred to as stocks with a low par value. This is done so that all the advantages of the no-par value can be enjoyed along with technically adhering to the requirements of the legal system.

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Reasons

  • The foremost reason to issue a no-par value stock may be more advantageous for businesses. It enables them to sell the securities in subsequent offers at a greater price than the par value. However, it also can result in the issuing firm’s less accountability to the shareholders if the price declines severely. As the market price of a share keeps fluctuating, investors typically do not mind purchasing shares with no par value. Moreover, not having a par value makes it possible to prevent misunderstanding about a share’s par value and market value.
  • In the case of equities with a par value, there is a possibility of incurring legal responsibilities concerning the difference between the current market rate and the par value listed on the stock. The perceived value determines the price of no-par value security that investors place on the company issuing the security. It is contingent on various circumstances, including cash flows and the level of competition in the business. If a firm issues stocks with no par value, the cash account is debited, and either the ordinary shares account or the capital share account is credited. As a result, an implicit value is attributed to the stocks offered.

However, there is a possibility that stockholders would suffer losses if the company issues stocks with no par value. If the issuing business agrees to a price reduction for the new issuance, the value of the stocks that have already been issued will decrease, and the owners will be required to take a financial hit.

Example

A company, ABC, intended to issue shares onto the market. The senior management believed it would be advantageous to issue shares with no par value since it would allow a company to set greater prices for potential public issues. This lessens the risk exposures for stockholders if the stock price plummets rapidly. Due to the likely price volatility of the market, most traders don’t consider par vital before acquiring a certain investment.

Therefore, ABC issued no-par-value stocks without a face value indication. ABC International offers investors 2,000 stocks with no par value for $10 per stock. The transaction no par value stock journal entry is recorded by debiting the cash received account by 20,000 and crediting the common stock account by 20,000.

No-Par Value Stock vs Low-Par Value Stock

Suppose the current market price of a business’s stock is less than its par value. In that case, the corporation might be held legally responsible to its shareholders. It is so for the amount by which the share’s current market price deviates from the stock’s par value. To protect themselves against this hypothetical risk, businesses establish a par value that is as low as feasible. One cent is the lowest unit of currency, it is customary to fix the par value of the stock at that amount.

Low-par value stocks may indicate a sum lower than $0.01, all the right up to a few dollars, while no-par value stock means that they are issued with no face value indication. No-par value equities are also known as zero-coupon stocks. When a smaller firm wants to reduce the number of shareholders it has, it will frequently want to offer stocks with a face value of $1.00 to attract fewer investors. After then, this insignificant sum can be used as a line item for accounting purposes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the difference between par and no-par value stock?

A stock’s par value is the per-share value the issuing business provides, commonly one cent. A no-par stock is issued without any defined minimum value. However, a stock’s market value is not affected by either.

What are the advantages of no-par value stock?

Businesses may benefit by issuing no-par-value stocks because they may sell them at a higher price than the par value. If the price drops, it may reduce the issuing company’s accountability to shareholders. It is feasible to avoid confusion about a share’s par value and market value if it has no par value.

How do you account for no par value stock?

A no-par-value stock on balance sheet will result in a debit to the cash account and a credit to the common stock account under shareholder’s equity.

This has been a guide to What is No-Par Value Stock & its meaning. Here, we explain its reasons, example, and differences from low-par value stock. You may also find some useful articles here: