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Divide Formula in Excel
The division is one of the simplest formulae we all have learned in our mathematics class. Be it an examination, normal regular life everywhere you can see the division of numbers in one or other way.
Two thing required in division one is numerator and another one is the denominator.
In a technical way, we also call the Numerator as Dividend and Denominator as Divisor the result we get called as Quotient.
- Dividend is the number we try to divide.
- Divisor is the number to be divided with
- Quotient is the result of this calculation
How to Divide using Excel Formulas?
Below are some of the examples through which you will learn how to use formulas to divide numbers in excel and calculate percentages.
Excel Formula for Division – Example #1
I have data of class students who recently appeared in the annual exam. I have the name and total marks they written the exam and the total marks they obtained in the exam.
I need to find out the percentage of these students.
Here I need to divide the Achieved marks by Total Marks. The formula is Achieved Marks / Total Marks * 100
Here we find out the percentage of the students.
Division using excel QUOTIENT formula- Example #2
I have a cricket scorecard. Individual runs they scored and total boundaries they hit in their innings.
I need to find you for how many runs once they scored a boundary.
I have divided the runs by boundary. The results are in decimals. Let me apply the Quotient function to find out the result.
Quotient function requires two mandatory parameters. One is Numerator and another one is Denominator.
- Numerator: This is the number we are dividing.
- Denominator: From this number, we dividing the numerator in excel.
Quotient function round down the values. It will not show the decimal values.
Conclusion: Sachin hit a boundary for every 14th run, Sehwag hit a boundary for every 9th run and so on.
Excel Formula for Division – Example #3
I have one unique problem here. One day I was busy in my analysis work and one if the sales manager called and asked I have a client who is online I pitched him for 400000 plus taxes but he is asking me to include the tax in the 400000 itself i.e. he is asking the product for 400000 inclusive taxes.
Here we need Tax percentage, multiplication rule, and division rule find the base value.
Apply the excel formula below for the division that I have shown in the image.
Firstly, the inclusive value is multiplied by 100, then it is divided by 100 + Tax percentage. This would give you the base value.
Just to cross check you can take 18% of 338983 and add percentage value with 338983 you should get 400000 as the overall value.
Sales Manager can mention on the contract 338983 + 18% Tax.
This can also be done by using QUOTIENT function as well. Below image is the illustration of the same.
How to handle #DIV/0! Error in Excel Division?
In excel when we are dividing we get excel errors as #DIV/0!. In this section of the article, I will explain how to deal with those errors.
I have five years’ budget vs actual number. I need to find out the variance percentages.
Apply Excel formula for the division as shown in the below image
By deducting the actual cost from the budgeted cost I got the variance amount and then divide the variance amount by budgeted cost to get the variance percentage.
The problem here is I got an error in last year i.e. 2018. Because there are no budgeted numbers in the year 2018 I got #DIV/0! Error. Because we cannot divide any number by zero.
We can get rid of this error by using IFERROR function.
IFERROR converts all the error values to zero.
Things to Remember about Division Formula in Excel
- In Excel Formula for Division we, cannot divide any number by zero. If done we will get an error as #DIV/0!.
- For Quotient function both the arguments are mandatory.
- In case of an error use IFERROR function to remove the error and replace it with by any value according to your wish.
This has been a step by step guide to Division Formula in excel. Here we discuss how to divide in excel using the Quotient Function and handle #DIV/0! Error along with practical examples and downloadable templates. You may learn more about excel from the following articles –