Even Function in Excel
EVEN is an inbuilt excel function, as the name suggests it rounds any given number to its even value, the number can be both negative or positive, so for example if the given input is =EVEN(-1.5) the rounded result will be -2, and if the given input is =EVEN(1.5) then the result is 2 and the keyword to use this function is =EVEN( with a number provided as an argument).
- number: A numeric value to round up to an even integer.
The number can be a numeric value or a cell referenceCell ReferenceCell reference in excel is referring the other cells to a cell to use its values or properties. For instance, if we have data in cell A2 and want to use that in cell A1, use =A2 in cell A1, and this will copy the A2 value in A1. containing a numeric value.
How to Use EVEN Function in Excel? (Examples)
Suppose you have a list of numbers given in B3:B9.
Now you want to convert these numbers to even numbers.
The syntax for the first number will be given as:
Similarly, you can drag it for the rest of the cells-C4:C9 to get the output for the remaining ones.
In the above example, you learned how to find an even number closest to the given number, away from zero. For example, a number 4.1 is closest to the even number 4; however, it will return 6. Sometimes, you may want to find the closest even number to a given number, be it higher or lower.
In this example, suppose you have a list of numbers in B3:B6 for which you want to find the closest even number.
You may use the following EVEN Formula for the first number 2.2 given in B3.
=IF(EVEN(B3) –B3 > 1, EVEN(B3) -2, EVEN(B3))
Here B3 = 2.2, and its nearest even number is 2. EVEN(B3) will return 4, which is 2 greater than its actual nearest even number.
Let us see the function in detail:
=IF(EVEN(B3) –B3 > 1, EVEN(B3) -2, EVEN(B3))
IF(EVEN(B3) –B3 > 1, if_true, if_false)
If EVEN(B3) is not the nearest even number of B3, then EVEN(B3) –B3 will be greater than 1.
if_true : EVEN(B3) -2
If EVEN(B3) –B3 is greater than 1, it will subtract 2 to give the nearest even value, else return EVEN(B3).
However, this EVEN Formula will not work with negative numbers. Suppose you have some negative numbers in cells B8:B10.
For negative number (in B8), the following EVEN Formula may be used:
=IF(ABS(EVEN(B8) – B8) > 1, IF(B8<0, EVEN(B8) +2, EVEN(B8) -2), EVEN(B8))
This will work for both negative and positive numbers. The main logic behind the EVEN Formula is:
If EVEN(B8) is not the nearest even number of B8, then EVEN(B8) ± 2 will be the nearest even number.
In this EVEN Formula,
ABS(EVEN(B8) – B8)
will return a positive value even if the difference is negative.
IF(ABS(EVEN(B8) – B8) > 1, if_true, if_false)
If |EVEN(B8) – B8| > 1, it means that EVEN(B8) is not the nearest even number.
if_true: IF(B8<0, EVEN(B8) +2, EVEN(B8) -2)
If |EVEN(B8) – B8| > 1, then
- if the number in B8 is positive, it should subtract 2 from EVEN(B8), which will return the nearest even value.
- if the number in B8 is negative, it should add 2 to EVEN(B8) which will return the nearest even value.
Else, EVEN(B8) is the nearest even value and should return as it is.
In this example, suppose you have a list of numbers, and you want to find out which numbers are even and which are odd.
You may use the following EVEN Formula:
=IF(EVEN(B3) = B3, “Even”, “Odd”)
It will return, “Odd.” Similarly, you can drag it to the rest of the cells.
This can be alternatively done by using the ISEVEN in excel. It returns TRUE and FALSE statements.
In this example, suppose you have a list of items needed to be packed. Similar items will be packed together. The items can be packed in a pair. You need to order the number of packing materials required for each item. As a precaution, you decide to order an extra packing material for each item.
The syntax for an item C4 and its quantity in D4, the syntax is given as:
=(EVEN(D4))/2 + 1
EVEN(D4)/2 will give the number of packing material required for packing 6 Vase, and it will return 3. Since we require one extra packing material, one is added to 3. It is to be noted here that the syntax is not given as =EVEN(D4/2).
Things to Remember
- It returns the nearest even value of number after rounding up and is adjusted away from zero.
- It returns equal or a higher value when given a positive number.
- It returns an equal or lower value when given a negative number.
- If the number is a non-numeric value, EVEN returns the #VALUE! Error value.
This has been a guide to EVEN Function in Excel. Here we discuss the EVEN function and how to use it in excel along with examples and a downloadable template. You may also look at these useful post of excel –