POWER Function in Excel

In mathematics we had exponents which were the power to a given any base number, in excel we have a similar inbuilt function known as POWER function which is used to calculate the power of a given number or base, to use this function we can use the keyword =POWER( in a cell and provide two arguments one as number and another as power.

Power in Excel

A Power in Excel is a Math/Trigonometric function computes and returns the result of a number raised to a power. Power Excel function takes two arguments the base (any real number) and the exponent (power, that signifies how many times the given number will be multiplied by itself). This means that, for example, 5 multiplied by a power of 2 is the same as 5 x5.

Formula of POWER Function
Power Function Fornula

Explanation of POWER Function in Excel

Power in Excel takes both the argument as a numeric value; hence the arguments passed are of integer type where Number is the base number, and the Power is the exponent. Both arguments are required and are not optional.

POWER Function Excel
Power Excel Function
Power excel

We can use the Power function in excel in many ways, like for mathematical operations, power function equation and can be used to compute the relational algebraic functions.

How to Use POWER Function in Excel

Excel POWER function is very simple and easy to use. Let us understand the working of POWER in excel by some examples.

You can download this POWER Function Excel Template here – POWER Function Excel Template

POWER in Excel Example #1

For example, we have a power function equation y=x^n (x to the power n), where y is dependent on the value of x, and n is the exponent. We also want to draw the graph of this f(x, y) function for given values of x and n=2. The values of x are:

Power

So, in this case, since the value of y depends upon the nth power of x, we will calculate the value of Y using the POWER function in Excel.

  • 1st value of y will be 2^2 (=POWER(2,2)
  • 2nd value of y will be 4^2 (=POWER(4,2)
  • ……………………………………………………………
  • ……………………………………………………………
  • 10th value of y will be 10^2 (=POWER(10,2)
Power Graph

Now, selecting the values of x and y from range B4:K5, select the graph (in this, we have selected the Scatter graph with smooth lines) from the insert tab.

POWER Excel Function1

So, we get a linear, exponential graph for the given POWER Function equation.

Power function graph

POWER in Excel Example #2

In algebra, we have the quadratic POWER Function equation, which is represented as ax2+bx+c=0, where x is unknown, and a, b and c are the coefficients. The solution of this POWER Function equation gives the roots of the equation, that is, the values of x.

The roots of the quadratic POWER Function equation are computed by following mathematical formula

  • x = (-b+ (b2-4ac)1/2)/2a
  • x = (-b- (b2-4ac)1/2)/2a

b2-4ac is termed as discriminant and it describes the number of roots a quadratic POWER Function equation has.

Now, we have some list of quadratic POWER Function equations given in Column A, and we need to find the roots of the equations.

POWER Function (Quadratic Equations)

^ is called the exponential operator used to represent the power (exponent). X2 is the same as x^2.

We have five quadratic POWER Function equation, and we will be solving them using the formula with the help of the POWER function in excel to find out the roots.

In the first POWER Function equation, a=4, b=56 and c = -96, if we mathematically solve them using the above formula, we have the roots -15.5 and 1.5

POWER Function (Quadratic Equations) Examaple 1

To implement this in excel formula, we will use the POWER function in Excel and the formula will be

  • =((-56+POWER(POWER(56,2)-(4*4*(-93)),1/2)))/(2*4) will give the first root and
  • =((-56-POWER(POWER(56,2)-(4*4*(-93)),1/2)))/(2*4) will give the second root of the equation

So, the complete formula will be,

=”Roots of equations are”&” “&((-56+POWER(POWER(56,2)-(4*4*(-93)),1/2)))/(2*4)&” , “&((-56-POWER(POWER(56,2)-(4*4*(-93)),1/2)))/(2*4)

Both the formulas are concatenated together with String “Roots of equation are”.

Using the same formula for other POWER Function equation, we have,

POWER Function (Quadratic Equations) Example 2

Output:

POWER Function (Quadratic Equations) Example 3

POWER in Excel Example #3

So, for different mathematical calculations, we can use the POWER function in Excel.

Suppose we have to find out the compound interestCompound InterestCompound Interest is the interest earned from the initial Principal & the previously accumulated Interest amount. This is also known as “Interest on Interest” & it is always higher than the Simple Interest. read more for which the formula is

Amount = Principal (1 + r/n)nt

  • Where r is the rate of interest, n is the number of times interest is compounded per year, and t is the time.
  • If an amount of $4000 is deposited into an account (saving) at an interest rate of 5% annually, compounded monthly, the value of the investment after 5 years can be calculated using the above compound interest formula.
  • Where Principal = $4000, rate = 5/100 that is 0.05, n =12 (compounded monthly), time =5 years

Using the compound interest formula and implementing it into excel formula using the POWER function in Excel, we have the formula.

=B2*(POWER((1+(B3/B5)),(B4*B5)))

POWER Function (Quadratic Equations) Example 4

So, the investment balance after 5 years is $5.133.43

POWER in Excel Example #4

According to Newton’s gravitation law, two bodies at a distance of r from their center of gravity attracts each other in the universe according to a gravitational POWER Excel formula.

F = (G*M*m)/r2

Where F is the magnitude of the gravitational force, G is called the gravitational constant, M is the mass of the first body, and m is the mass of the second body, and r is the distance between the bodies from their center of the gravity.

Let us calculate the magnitude of gravitational force by which the Sun pulls the Earth.

  • Mass of Sun is 1.98*10^30 kg.
  • The mass of Earth is 5.97*10^24 kg.
  • The distance between the Sun and the Earth is 1.496 x 10^11 meters.
  • Gravitational constant value is 6.67*10^-11 m3kg-1s-2

In excel, if we want to calculate the gravitational force, we will be again using the POWER in Excel that can operate over big numeric values.

  • So, using the POWER in Excel, we can convert the scientific notation values into the POWER Excel formula
  • 1.98*10^30 will be represented as 1.98*Power(10,30), similarly other values.
  • So, the POWER Excel formula to calculate the force will be =(6.67*POWER(10,-11)*1.98*POWER(10,30)*5.97*POWER(10,24))/POWER(1.496*POWER(10,11),2)
POWER Function (Quadratic Equations) Example 5

Since the value obtained as force is a big number of Excel expressed it scientific notationExcel Expressed It Scientific NotationIn Excel, scientific notation is a specific style of writing numbers in scientific and exponential forms. Scientific notation compactly helps display values, allowing us to compare and use the same in calculations.read more. To change it into a fraction, change the format to the fraction.

POWER Function (Quadratic Equations) Example 5-1

Output:

POWER Function (Quadratic Equations) Example 5-2

So, Sun pulls the Earth with a force of magnitude 35229150283107900000000 Newton.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to POWER Function in Excel. Here we discuss the POWER Formula in excel and how to use the POWER Excel function along with excel example and downloadable excel templates. You may also look at these useful functions in excel –

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