Petty Cash Book Meaning
Petty Cash Book is the accounting book that is used for the purpose of recording the petty cash expenditure i.e., the expenditure which is of the small amount that the company occurs in its day to day operations.
Petty cash book can be expressed as a formal summarization of the petty cash expenditures, which refers to the regular day-to-day expenses of the business, which is not related to the direct line of the business. It is an accounting book used for small recording expenses and of little value.
How Does Petty Cash Book Work?
- The basis of accounting lies in the three main accounting terms and accounts, which comprise the journal, ledgerLedgerLedger in Accounting, also called the Second Book of Entry, is a book that summarizes all the journal entries in the form of debits & credits to use for future reference & create financial statements. , and the Petty cash book. Each transaction recorded in the books of accounts goes through these three main accounts to get captured.
- Journal is an integral part of bookkeeping, which is the starting point of accounting, and it records all the business transactionsBusiness TransactionsA business transaction is the exchange of goods or services for cash with third parties (such as customers, vendors, etc.). The goods involved have monetary and tangible economic value, which may be recorded and presented in the company's financial statements.. In contrast, the Petty cash book records the transaction related to the cash account. From the initiation of the journal, the Ledger account is prepared, with the help of which the final books of accounts of the company are prepared.
- However, there are several transactions during the ordinary course of the business, which is of the very petty and nominal amount and is not recorded in the cash book account. For transactions of such nature, Petty Cash Book is used.
Format of Petty Cash Book
Below is the sample format of the Petty cash Book.
|Date||Voucher No.||Particulars||Quantity||Purchase Amount||Balance|
The person who is responsible for recording the receipts and the payments is known as the petty cashier. In the company, the petty cash book is usually maintained by the administrative department of the company as the accounts departments are generally occupied by the more significant business transactions, and also the admin department is only responsible for such kind of expenses.
Petty Cash Book Systems
The cash is given to the petty cashier on the following petty cash system basis: –
#1 – Ordinary Petty Cash System
Under this system, a lump sum amount of cash is given to the petty cashier. The cashier is responsible for keeping a record of all the expenses for the review of the head cashier and present it before requesting new funds to run the day to day expenditure again
#2 – Petty Cash Imprest System
Under the Petty Cash Imprest SystemImprest SystemImprest System is a financial accounting system designed to track and document the utilization of cash. A petty cash system accounts for every petty cash transaction to maintain an equilibrium in the fund equal to petty cash receipts and additional money left., the petty cashier amount is fixed for a given period under which is usually under a month or a week. Under this period, the cashier has to run the petty cash account under the given budget. At the end of the period, the cashier submits the report, and the amount spent by him is reimbursed so that the amount becomes equal to the beginning balance at the starting of the previous month. In case the expenditure exceeds the amount furnished a special request stating the requirement needs to be raised to the head cashier in replenishing the funds for a given time. Imprest Petty CashPetty CashPetty cash means the small amount that is allocated for the purpose of day to day operations. It is unreasonable to issue a check for such small expenses and for managing the same custodians are appointed by the company. System has been widely adopted by the companies to run their petty cash account.
- Under this Petty Cash System method, the actual requirement of cash is realized effectively. For example, if in a month $1,000 is only spend in such expenses the initial amount floated to the responsible party can be immediately increased or decreased after analyzing the period and the nature of occurrence of expenses
- Imprest Petty Cash System also minimizes the probability of any error which can occur during bookkeeping as the head cashier periodically reviews it
- It has been tried and tested and is an efficient method which also less time consuming and efficient
- This method can also bring cost savings to the firm as the amount incurred in petty cash expenses is analyzed carefully and is checked periodically to realize how much cash is required and where can the company cut down on expenses in the petty items
- Imprest Petty Cash System also allows the staff members on how to handle cash effectively to prove their worth to their seniors that they can also be seen as future cash managers of the firm
- The use of this system is sometimes very long can become time-consuming and often requires some resource to work behind it which can also be deployed in some other efficient and useful tasks
- The System needs to be reviewed again periodically, and each amount recorded needs to be mapped against each expense which can become a lengthy process if the quantum of entries is of a considerable amount in the business
Petty cash book is a manual system of recording expenditure and is often prone to errors and sometimes becomes a cumbersome task to keep the books and record each transaction, especially in a big company. However, to overcome this these days, many companies are scrapping the old system of bookkeeping. They are moving to a modern system of bookkeeping, which are corporate credit cards or usage of tally software, which is an efficient system of recording both nominal and considerable amounts of business transactions.
Over time the petty cash book of recording has lost its importance, but it is still can be used as a handy tool to record in companies where modern technology has not taken place.
This article has been a guide to what is Petty Cash Book. Here we discuss the format of Petty Cash Book, Types of Petty Cash Systems, including the Ordinary and Imprest System, along with its advantages and disadvantages. You may learn more about accounting basics from the following articles –