Sales Day Book

Updated on January 3, 2024
Article byRishab Nigam
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What is a Sales Day Book?

Sales Day Book is a manual ledger that provides elaborative information on credit sales made by a salesperson to the customer and documents the customer name, invoice number, date of invoice, and the amount of invoice.

Sales Day Book

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Explanation

The sales day book can be classified as a manual ledger documenting detailed information on sales made by a salesperson to the customers for a given business day. For example, it would document information on customer name, invoice date, unique invoice number, and the amount of credit sale made on that day. The information collated for a given business day is then moved to the sales ledger.

Therefore, a sales ledgerSales LedgerA sales ledger is a ledger entry that records any sale in the book of records, even if the payment is received or not yet received. It records the sales and the cash when received and the amount owed to the business.read more can be termed as the collection of daily sales day books. It is utilized in the manual reporting of sales information. It can also be defined as a sales register. These books are reconciled every month, and the management then analyses the effective amount. It is also regarded as a book of credit salesCredit SalesCredit Sales is a transaction type in which the customers/buyers are allowed to pay up for the bought item later on instead of paying at the exact time of purchase. It gives them the required time to collect money & make the payment. read more or sales journalsSales JournalsA sales journal is a type of journal that is used to keep track of a company's credit sale transactions and to maintain and manage the account receivable and inventory account.read more or sold books.

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It is an intermediate or subsidiary book. The overall sales are then updated on the sales ledger after the end of the month. Since the transactions happen on credit sales, there is a need for a sales day book to record such transactions. Therefore, it is classified as a special journalSpecial JournalSpecial Journals are all accounting journals in an organization except the general journal where all the transactions of the similar transactions are recorded at a place in an organized form. They help the accountants and the bookkeepers of the company to keep the track of all the different business activities in a proper manner.read more, and it records all non-cash transactions concerning sales.

It is recorded in chronological order, and hence it allows the business to account for all transactions easily and effectively. Moreover, concerning the audit perspective, these documents become critical, facilitating the segregation of duties.

Format

The sales day book format consists of invoice date or date of credit sales followed by a description of sales or particulars with customer name, invoice amount, and amount on credit sales.

The following is the excel format –

Format 1

Example of Sales Day Book

Let us take the example of ABC Company. The business made a credit sale of $200 to X customer on 06/17/2020. It additionally made credit sales to customers Y and Z of $300 each on 06/18/2020. Help the management prepare the sales day book for 06/17/2020 and 06/18/2020.

06/17/2020, it would look as shown below –

Example

On 06/18/2020, it would look as shown below –

Sales Day Book Example 1

Which Sales are Recorded in Sales Day Book?

The sales day book records credit sale transactions and not cash-based sales transactions. Credit sales transactions are transactions wherein the customers or the buyer or the purchaser of the services are permitted to pay the business of their services offered later rather than making payment on the purchase day itself. Such transactions allow the purchaser, buyer, or customer to take up adequate time to make payments.

Therefore, to account for such transactions, the business and salesperson maintain a sales day book that will document the customer name, invoice number, sales amount, and credit sale date. Such books are maintained daily. The amount so recorded in the book is totaled monthly.

The sales achieved on a cash basisCash BasisCash Basis Accounting is an accounting method in which all the company's revenues are accounted for only when there is an actual cash receipt, and all the expenses are recognized when they are paid. Small companies and individuals generally follow this accounting method.read more are never recorded in the sales day book. The sales on a cash basis are maintained in the cash bookCash BookThe Cash Book is the book that records all cash receipts and payments, including funds deposited in the bank and funds withdrawn from the bank according to the transaction date. All the transaction which is recorded in the cash book has the two sides i.e., debit and credit.read more. The sales book would not record any asset sale or investment sale on credit. Such transactions are recorded in the journal books and not in the sales book. Only sales of finished products on credit are updated on the sales book.

Importance

The sales day book is an important document as it allows the business to track down the sales made on credit daily. Therefore, the book is a critical document for businesses that are of small to medium sizes. As these entities are dependent on converting each sale from credit to cash, this document fills up the need to account for all credit sales transactions that tend to happen daily. Furthermore, based on reconciliation, small to medium-size businesses can follow up with their customers to facilitate collection.

Advantages

  • It helps in recording credit sales daily.
  • This document helps to identify customers from whom they still anticipate cash.
  • It helps drive accountability for small-sized as well as medium-sized businesses.
  • Helps in monthly reconciliation with the sales ledger.
  • It enables the segregation of duties and provides sales information in a summarized and understandable form.
  • They help in the collection of information at a granular level.

Conclusion

The sales day book is regarded as the book that documents the salesman’s credit sales to the customers. It mentions the customer name, invoice number, invoice date, and the sales amount. It is reconciled monthly, wherein credit sales at the end of each business day and totaled to arrive at the effective credit sales value.

Recommended Articles

This article is a guide to Sales Day Book and its definition. Here we discuss its format, examples, importance, and advantages. You can learn more about it from the following articles –