Financial Statement Analysis

- Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)
- Ratio Analysis Advantages
- Ratio Analysis
- Liquidity Ratios
- Cash Ratio
- Cash Ratio Formula
- Quick Ratio
- Quick Ratio Formula
- Current Ratio
- Current Ratio Formula
- Acid Test Ratio Formula
- Defensive Interval Ratio
- Working Capital Ratio
- Working Capital Formula
- Net Working Capital Formula
- Changes in Net Working Capital
- Change in Net Working Capital (NWC) Formula
- Cash Flow from Operations Ratio
- Cash Flow Per Share
- Cash Reserve Ratio
- Operating Cycle Formula
- Current Ratio vs Quick Ratio
- Bid Ask Spread
- Liquidity vs Solvency
- Liquidity
- Solvency
- Solvency Ratios
- Equity Ratio
- Capital Adequacy Ratio
- Liquidity Risk
- Altman Z Score

- Turnover Ratios
- Inventory Turnover Ratio
- Accounts Receivable Turnover
- Accounts Receivables Turnover Ratio
- Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio
- Days Inventory Outstanding
- Days in Inventory
- Days Sales Outstanding
- Days Sales Uncollected
- Average Collection Period
- Days Payable Outstanding
- Cash Conversion Cycle
- Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) Formula
- Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
- Debtor Days Formula
- Working Capital Turnover Ratio

- Profitability Ratios
- Profitability Ratios Formula
- Common Size Income Statement
- Vertical Analysis of Income Statement
- Profit Margin
- Gross Profit Margin Formula
- Gross Profit Percentage
- Operating Profit Margin Formula
- EBIT Margin Formula
- Operating Income Formula
- Net Profit Margin Formula
- EBIDTA Margin
- Degree of Operating Leverage Formula (DOL)
- NOPAT Formula
- OIBDA
- Earnings Per Share
- Basic EPS
- Diluted EPS
- Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS
- Return on Equity (ROE)
- Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
- Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
- Return on Sales
- ROIC Formula (Return on Invested Capital)
- Return on Investment Formula (ROI)
- ROIC vs ROCE
- ROE vs ROA
- CFROI
- Cash on Cash Return
- Return on Total Assets (ROA)
- Return on Average Capital Employed
- Capital employed Employed
- Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
- Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
- Return on Assets Formula
- Return on Equity Formula
- DuPont Formula
- Net Interest Margin Formula
- Earnings Per Share Formula
- Diluted EPS Formula
- Contribution Margin Formula
- Unit Contribution Margin
- Revenue Per Employee Ratio
- Operating Leverage
- EBIT vs EBITDA
- EBITDAR
- Capital Gains Yield
- Tax Equivalent Yield
- LTM Revenue
- Operating Expense Ratio Formula
- Overhead Ratio Formula
- Variable Costing Formula
- Capitalization Rate
- Cap Rate Formula
- Comparative Income Statement
- Capacity Utilization Rate Formula
- Total Expense Ratio Formula
- Markup Percentage Formula

- Efficiency Ratios
- Dividend Ratios
- Debt Ratios
- Debt to Equity Ratio
- Debt Coverage Ratio
- Debt Ratio
- Debt to Asset Ratio Formula
- Coverage Ratio
- Coverage Ratio Formula
- Debt to Income Ratio Formula (DTI)
- Capital Gearing Ratio
- Capitalization Ratio
- Overcapitalization
- Interest Coverage Ratio
- Times Interest Earned Ratio
- Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)
- DSCR Formula (Debt service coverage ratio)
- Financial Leverage Ratio
- Financial Leverage Formula
- Degree of Financial Leverage Formula
- Net Debt Formula
- Leverage Ratios
- Leverage Ratios Formula
- Operating Leverage vs Financial Leverage
- Current Yield
- Debt Yield Ratio
- Solvency Ratio Formula

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## Importance and Uses of Ratio Analysis

The purpose and importance of ratio analysis are to evaluate or analyze the financial performance of the firm in terms of Risk, Profitability, Solvency, and Efficiency. It helps us to compare the trends of two or more company over a period of time.

We shall discuss the importance and uses of ratio analysis in details below:

### #1 – Analysis of Financial Statements

Interpretation of the financial statements and data is essential for all internal and external stakeholders of the firm. With the help of ratio analysis, we interpret the numbers from the balance sheet and income statements. Every stakeholder has different interests when it comes to the result from the financial like the equity investors are more interested in the growth of the dividend payments and the earnings power of the organization in the long run. Creditors would like to ensure that they get their repayments on their dues on time.

### #2 – Helps in Understanding the Profitability of the Company

Profitability ratios help to determine how profitable a firm is. Return on Assets and Return on Equity helps to understand the ability of the firm to generate earnings. Return on assets is the total net income divided by total assets. It means how many does a company earn a profit for every dollar of its assets. Return on equity is net income by shareholders equity. This ratio basically tells us how well a company uses its investors’ money. Ratios like the Gross profit and Net profit margin. Margins help to analyze the firm’s ability to translate sales to profit.

### #3 – Analysis of Operational Efficiency of the Firms

Certain ratios help us to analyze the degree of efficiency of the firms. Ratios like account receivables turnover, fixed asset turnover, and inventory turnover ratio. These ratios can be compared with the other peers of the same industry and will help to analyze which firms are better managed as compared to the others. It measures a company’s capability to generate income by using the assets. It looks at various aspects of the firm like the time it generally takes to collect cash from debtors or the time period for the firm to convert the inventory to cash. This is why efficiency ratios are very important, as an improvement will lead to a growth in profitability.

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### #4 – Liquidity of the Firms

Liquidity determines whether the company can pay its short-term obligations or not. By short-term obligations, we mean the short term debts which can be paid off within 12 months or within the operating cycle. For example the salaries due, sundry creditors, tax payable, outstanding expenses etc. Current ratio, quick ratio are used to measure the liquidity of the firms

### #5 – Helps in Identifying the Business Risks of the Firm

One of the most important reasons to use ratio analysis is that it helps in understanding the business risk of the firm. Calculating the leverages (Financial Leverage and Operating Leverages) helps the firm understand the business risk i.e. how sensitive the profitability of the company is with respect to its fixed cost deployment as well as debt outstanding.

### #6 – Helps in Identifying the Financial Risks of the Company

Another importance of ratio analysis is that it helps in identifying the Financial Risks. Ratios like Leverage ratio, interest coverage ratio, DSCR ratio etc helps the firm understand how it is dependent on external capital and whether they are capable of repaying the debt using their own capital.

### #7 – For Planning and Future Forecasting of the Firm

Analysts and managers can find a trend and use the trend for future forecasting and can also be used for important decision making by external stakeholders like the investors. They can analyze whether they should invest in a project or not.

### #8 – To Compare the Performance of the Firms

The main use of ratio analysis is that the strengths and weakness of each firm can be compared. The ratios can be also compared to the firm’s previous ratio and will help to analyze whether progress has been made by the company.

### Conclusion – Importance of Ratio Analysis

As we have discussed the importance and uses of ratio analysis. So its very important to access the performance of the firms by analyzing its liquidity, profitability, asset management, and efficiency ratios. These ratios analysis are widely used for taking important decisions and future forecasting.

You may learn more about Ratio Analysis from the following articles –

- Coverage Ratio | Top 4 Types
- What is Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula?
- Operating Cycle Formula
- Solvency Ratios
- Example of Operating Expense (OPEX)
- Formula for Gross Profit
- Formula of Financial Leverage
- Ratio Analysis Limitations
- Operating Expense Ratio Formula
- Risk-Adjusted Return Ratios
- Times Interest Earned Ratio Formula
- Overhead Ratio