Earnings Yield Definition
Earnings Yield helps the investor understand how much he will be earning for each dollar invested in the company and is therefore calculated as Earnings per share are divided by the stock price per share. This ratio helps an investor to make the comparison between two or more companies or between investment in shares versus the investment in risk-free security i.e. the company which has a higher yield will be a better performer as it provides higher earning for each dollar invested.
Earnings Yield Formulas
Below are the two formulas –
Here we take the 12 months earnings per share of the company is divide it by the market price per share of the stock and represent in a percent manner to make the comparison.
As we know that it is inverse of P/E we can calculate it by using the above formula and represent it in a percent manner to make the comparison.
How Earnings Yield is used by Investors?
Consider an investment in stock as against an investment in a Treasury bill or a fixed deposit which are virtually risk-free investments. So, if the earnings yield of an investment in the stock is higher than the treasury bill / Fixed deposit, only then it will make sense to invest in stock as we take risks while investing in stocks.
The Earnings yield of 10 years treasury bill is 4.5% i.e. we earn 4.5% for each dollar invested and yield for the stock of Company A INC is 8.28 % i.e. we earn 8.28% for each dollar invested. This clearly shows that the additional risk which we are taking by investing in stock instead of the treasury bill is providing additional returns. If the yield of the risk-free security is equal to or more than the stock we can say that the stock is overvalued. As we can clearly see in such a case there are no additional benefits received by making a riskier investment.
Now, let us understand the concept with the help of some simple and practical examples.
Following is the information provided to us for company A INC and Company B INC.
Calculation for Company A
Calculation for Company B
Here as we can see that the earnings yield of company B is higher than company A i.e. for each dollar invested in company B, we will earn 17.86% as compared to only 12.50% in company A. So, we conclude that investment in Company B is better.
We are given that the stock Mr A has an investment to be made and he is having 2 options of the same he is providing us with the following details.
- BDO Bank is trading currently at $ 1340 per share and it’s earning per share is $ 50.
- CFDH Bank is trading currently at $ 1250 per share and its earnings per share is $ 41 which of these banks he should select to maximize his earnings.
Calculation for BDO Bank
- = 3.73%
Calculation for CFDH Bank
- = 3.28%
After calculating it, we can understand that BDO bank is earning 3.73% for each dollar invested and CFDH Bank is earning 3.28% for each dollar invested. Therefore, it is clear that to maximize the returns Mr A should invest in BDO Bank.
Difference Between Earnings Yield and Dividend Yield
Below are certain differences between Earning and Dividend Yield.
- As we know that earnings yield provides the percentage of returns for each dollar invested in the company, dividend yield, in the same way, provide the amount of dividend that a company pays for every invested.
- The dividend yield is used to make investment decisions for companies paying dividends.
- Dividend yield can be used only in the case of companies who payout dividends whereas it has no such restrictions as all companies are required to report their earnings per share.
- It can be used as a method of comparison for the stock, bond, fixed deposits, T-bills, etc. whereas, dividend yield cannot compare instruments other than stocks.
- It is used for both to know the rate of return as well as for the purpose of valuation. We can consider it as a valuation because here we divide the earnings with the market value of the share.
- It acts as a tool to compare equity stock and the T-Bills, Fixed Deposits and other risk-free security to understand whether the stock is undervalued or overvalued.
- It provides information about the per dollar earning from the investment which makes comparison and decision making simple.
After understanding the concept, we can come to a conclusion that it helps the stakeholders to understand about the return for each dollar invested and also to make sure that the additional risk of investing in stock over risk-free security (like treasury bill, gold, fixed deposit) is worth taking or not.
This has been a guide to Earnings Yield and its definition. Here we discuss the formula for calculation of earnings yield along with examples and its differences from dividend yield. You can learn more about accounting from the following articles-