Earnings Yield

Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Edited byAnkush Jain
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What Is Earnings Yield?

Earnings Yield helps the investor understand how much they will be earning for each dollar invested in the company and is therefore calculated as Earnings per share divided by the stock price per share. This ratio helps an investor to make the comparison between two or more companies or between investments in shares versus the investment in risk-free securities.

Earnings Yield Formula

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In some scenarios, an earnings yield calculation is used as a dividend pay-out ratio. It is important to understand that the dividend that is distributed among shareholders is the earnings of the company. Any yield above 10 basis points over the government bond yield for 10 years is considered a significantly good deal for the investor.

Earnings Yield Explained

Earnings yield is the earnings of an investor per share for the last one year divided by the current market price. It gives the investors an idea of the gains they have made for every dollar invested.

It helps the stakeholders to understand about the return for each dollar invested and also to make sure that the additional risk of investing in stock over risk-free security (like treasury bill, gold, fixed deposit) is worth taking or not.

The earnings yield method is the exact opposite of P/E ratio. While the former provides insights into the earning per share, the latter determines how long it would take for the company’s share to reach the current market value per share.

Nevertheless, a higher earning yield would indicate that the stock is undervalued and might be a good opportunity to buy the stock as it is expected to give a significant run-up in the market.

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Formulas

Let us understand the formulas to aid earnings yield calculation:

Earnings Yield Formula = Earnings Per Share / Stock Price Per Share*100

Here we take the 12 months earnings per share of the company is divided by the market price per share of the stock and represent in a percent manner to make the comparison.

Earnings Yield  Formula=1/Price Earning * 100

As we know that it is the inverse of P/E P/EThe price to earnings (PE) ratio measures the relative value of the corporate stocks, i.e., whether it is undervalued or overvalued. It is calculated as the proportion of the current price per share to the earnings per share. read more, we can calculate it by using the above formula and represent it in a percent manner to make the comparison.

How is Earnings Yield used by Investors?

Consider an investment in stock as against an investment in a Treasury bill or a fixed deposit, which are virtually risk-free investments. So, if the earnings yield of an investment in the stock is higher than the treasury billTreasury BillTreasury Bills (T-Bills) are investment vehicles that allow investors to lend money to the government.read more / Fixed deposit, only then will it make sense to invest in stock as we take risks while investing in stocks.

The Earnings yield calculation of 10 years treasury bill is 4.5%, i.e., we earn 4.5% for each dollar invested, and the yield for the stock of Company A INC is 8.28 %, i.e., we earn 8.28% for each dollar invested. This clearly shows that the additional risk which we are taking by investing in stock instead of the treasury bill is providing additional returns. If the yield of the risk-free security is equal to or more than the stock, we can say that the stock is overvalued stocksOvervalued StocksOvervalued Stocks refer to stocks having more current market value than their real earning potential or the P/E Ratio. Overvaluation of stocks might occur due to illogical decision making or deterioration in a Company’s financial health. read more. As we can clearly see in such a case, there are no additional benefits received by making a riskier investment.

Examples

Let us understand the earning yield method in depth with the help of a couple of examples.

You can download this Earnings Yield Excel Template here – Earnings Yield Excel Template

Example #1

Following is the information provided to us for company A INC and Company B INC.

ParticularsCompany ACompany B
Earnings Per Share1525
Market Price Per Share120140

Solution

The calculation for Company A

Earnings Yield Example 1.1
  • =15/120*100%
  • =12.50%

The calculation for Company B

Example 1.2
  • =25/140*100%
  • =17.86%

Here as we can see that the earnings yield of company B is higher than company A, i.e., for each dollar invested in company B, we will earn 17.86% as compared to only 12.50% in company A. So, we conclude that investment in Company B is better.

Example #2

We are given that the stock Mr. A has an investment to be made, and he is having 2 options of the same he is providing us with the following details.

  • BDO Bank is currently trading at $ 1340 per share, and it’s earning per share is $ 50.
  • CFDH Bank is currently trading at $ 1250 per share, and its earnings per share is $ 41, which of these banks he should select to maximize his earnings.
ParticularsBDO BankCFDH Bank
Earning Per Share5041
Market Price Per Share1,3401,250

Solution

The calculation for BDO Bank

Earnings Yield Example 2.1
  • =50/1340*100%
  • = 3.73%

The calculation for CFDH Bank

Example 2.2
  • =41/1250*100%
  • = 3.28%

After calculating it, we can understand that BDO bank is earning 3.73% for each dollar invested and CFDH Bank is earning 3.28% for each dollar invested. Therefore, it is clear that to maximize the returns, Mr. A should invest in BDO Bank.

Importance

Let us understand the importance of the earnings yield method through the discussion below.

Earnings Yield Vs Dividend Yield

Below are certain differences between Earning and Dividend YieldDividend YieldDividend yield ratio is the ratio of a company's current dividend to its current share price.  It represents the potential return on investment for a given stock.read more. This comparison will help us understand the earnings yield calculation in detail.

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