Treasury Stock Method

What is the Treasury Stock Method?

Treasury Stock Method assumes that the options and stock warrants are exercised at the beginning of the year (or date of issue if later) and the proceeds from the exercise of options and warrants are used to purchase common stock for the treasury.

Explanation

Below are the 3 primary steps used for Treasury Stock Method

Treasury Stock Method

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Source: Treasury Stock Method (wallstreetmojo.com)

Treasury Stock method formula for Net Increase in number of shares

Stock Options - Net Effect

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  • If the exercise price of the option or warrants is lower than the market price of the stock, dilution occurs.
  • If higher, the number of common shares is reduced, and the anti-dilutive effect occurs. In the latter case, exercise is not assumed.

Treasury Stock Method Example

During 2006, KK Enterprise reported a net income of $250,000 and had 100,000 shares of common stock. During 2006, KK Enterprise issued 1,000 shares of 10%, par $100 preferred stock outstanding. In addition, the company has 10,000 options with a strike priceStrike PriceExercise price or strike price refers to the price at which the underlying stock is purchased or sold by the persons trading in the options of calls & puts available in the derivative trading. Thus, the exercise price is a term used in the derivative market.read more (X) of $2 and the current market price (CMP) of $2.5. Calculated the diluted EPS.

Assume tax rate – 40%

Basic EPS Example
Effect of Stock Options on Basic EPS
Diluted EPS

Denominator = 100,000 (basic shares) + 10,000 (in the money options) – 8,000 (buyback) = 102,000 shares

Effect of Stock Options on Diluted EPS

Examples

Let us look at how Colgate has accounted for such Stock Options while calculating the diluted EPS.

Colgate Treasury Stock method v1

Source – Colgate SEC Filings

As you can see from above, for the year ended 2014, only 9.2 million were considered (instead of 24.946 million). Why?

The difference is 24.946 million – 9.2 million  = 15.746 million shares.

The answer lies in Colgate 10K – it mentions that diluted Earnings per common shareDiluted Earnings Per Common ShareDiluted EPS is a financial ratio to check the quality of the Earnings per Share after taking into account the exercise of Convertible Securities like Preference Shares, Stock Option, Warrants, Convertible Debentures etc.read more is calculated using the “treasury stock method. With this, we may assume that 15.746 may be related to the buyback using the Option Proceeds.

Treasury Stock Method Video

 

What next?

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Comments

  1. megha says

    its always a good piece of information shared by you, and so well explained..keep going best wishes

    • Dheeraj Vaidya says

      thanks Megha!

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